Population:3 531 159
Language:Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Religion:Islam 51%, Serbian Orthodox Church 31%, Roman Catholic Church 15%
Currency:Convertible mark BAM – 1BAM = 0.51 Euro, 1BAM = 0.6 USD
Climate: The southern parts of the country have a Mediterranean climate. The Western and the Central parts experience hot and arid summers reaching up to 40 °C while in the winter, temperatures are below freezing with lots of snow. The north-eastern region has a typical continental climate.
Bosnia and Herzegovina – the memory of an inhumane brutal war is everywhere, but mostly in the eyes of people. Bullet holes and shrapnel on buildings, destroyed museums, hospitals, schools, graveyards in city parks and stadiums. The grief of thousands of people separated from religion, united by the fear of their children.
Despite the sad picture, 25 years after the end of this fratricidal war, life in the country seems normal. Bosnia and Herzegovina is a confederation between Bosnia, Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. Representatives of four ethnic groups – Bosniaks, Herzegovina, Croats and Serbs live in the country. All trying to live in relative understanding and preferring to argue only for their favorite soccer teams. Traveling across the country makes it easy to find out which ethnic group is predominant in a village or city, especially the temple in the center of the village.
Sarajevo is a model of the whole country. It naturally gathers everyone, as it is the largest city, as well as an administrative and political center. The locals are extremely proud of their centuries-old history of a city created by the Ottomans in the 15th century. Dominated for some time by the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Sarajevo today is a unique blend of Eastern and Western culture. Although are Muslims, Bosnians are extremely modern and progressive, as well as the loveliest people you will encounter on the Balkans. Hospitality, politeness, respect are basic moral values for them and you will feel it even on the street.
Mostar and Medjugorje are other interesting places to visit, but do not exclude from your plans a walk in the mountains of this central Balkan country. You will be fascinated by the variety of traditional styles of construction in the different regions as well as by the still preserved traditional and environmentally friendly way of life in the small villages.
On the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina is quite popular rafting on the turquoise blue waters of the Tara River.
For a whole tour of Bosnia and Herzegovina it takes 5-7 days, and as part of a Balkan tour, Mostar, Sarajevo and Medugogorie are visited for 2-3 days.